The Public Safety Division is involved in a wide range of criminal prosecutions at the trial level. The division's special prosecution unit prosecutes or assists in the prosecution of cases throughout Missouri, many of them homicide cases, child sexual abuse and assault cases. At the end of calendar year 2012, the Public Safety Division had 402 active special prosecutions pending in 88 of Missouri's 114 counties and the city of St. Louis.
The workers’ compensation fraud and non-compliance unit prosecutes fraud or misconduct involving workers’ compensation. The Medicaid Fraud Control Unit prosecutes cases involving fraud of the state Medicaid program by health professionals, and prosecutes abuse or neglect of Medicaid recipients by caregivers.
The sexually violent predator unit seeks the civil commitment of sexual predators who suffer from a mental abnormality making them more likely than not to commit additional predatory acts of sexual violence.
Division attorneys also defend the state in all habeas corpus actions filed by prison inmates in state and federal courts. Each year they litigate some 500 federal habeas corpus actions in the federal district courts, the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals, and the U.S. Supreme Court. The Division also litigates several hundred State habeas claims in Circuit Courts, the Missouri Court of Appeals, and the Missouri Supreme Court.